Debunking a myth

first_imgStudying dead women’s cut-up bodies was not what Katharine Park originally set out to do. “I was writing a social history of medicine in Florence, a topic I chose basically just because I got to go” to that fabled Italian city, she joked.But while working in those ancient halls amid so much beauty, Park said, “I kept finding stories about women’s bodies being cut up. I remember I came across one entry in a diary, where the husband says his wife died, and he requested her to be autopsied. I was like, huh? Autopsy?”Most scholars assume that autopsy and dissection were taboo in medieval Europe; if they were conducted, they were illicit and done only on the bodies of criminals by intrepid scientists and doctors, flying in the face of clerical authority in the name of pursuing knowledge.But Park, the Samuel Zemurray Jr. and Doris Zemurray Stone Radcliffe Professor of the History of Science, discovered quite another story in the Florentine libraries. “This was a very wealthy, patrician woman. The story didn’t compute. And I kept finding little tiny bits and pieces about female bodies being opened over the years. By the late ’90s, I had a critical mass of the stuff, and it all felt so counterintuitive. It was time to see what it was all about.”“As it turns out, the female body really lay at the heart of the development of autopsy and dissection as medical practices.” According to Park, dissection grew out of autopsy, and autopsy grew out of embalming. The interest in specifically women stemmed from a desire to understand the origins of life. As such, it was all sanctioned by the church.“The functions of the uterus came to symbolize what they didn’t know. The idea was that the female body was really mysterious. Male bodies are all out there; everything about male identity is all on the outside. The uterus and female body are the last medical secret, a sign that they thought medicine had come to a point where it can penetrate most obscure workings of reproduction.”It was always the uterus that was dissected first, according to Park, “except in the case of holy women,” she explained. “Then they would dissect the heart. The thought was, this woman has died, and she might be a saint. We can embalm her because the body is useful for establishing a cult. Then you have her insides, and she said she had Jesus Christ in her heart. Well, you might as well open it up and look for Jesus.”“The fact is that human dissection is not a Renaissance invention,” Park continued.“Anything having to do with medicine, health care, the human body — women are at the center. We’re going to have to rewrite a whole lot of pieces of history of early medicine.”Park’s research came together in her book “Secrets of Women: Gender, Generation, and the Origins of Human Dissection,” which was rereleased in paperback a year ago. “I found that instead of this investment in the integrity of the human body, social history and religious sources tell us that the human body in medieval Christianity was something to be torn about,” she said. “The religion was about dismembered bodies. Christian ritual is organized around body parts. It became clear to me from the religious end that the assumption we had about medieval bodies was not holding up. In the end, I wanted to make it clear there was no religious prohibition against dissection.”If this is true, then where did the idea that is was prohibited come from?” It was a 19th century myth,” said Park, “like that before Christopher Columbus everyone thought the world was flat. People are absolutely wedded to a view that says ‘We are modern, and they were stupid.’ ”Park even found evidence that people long ago were even aware of hereditary illnesses and used dissection to investigate. “I found one case of a young boy’s death, wherein the father asked the physician to autopsy his son so that he could have medical advice for his other children.”“These people were very good observers. Even if they didn’t have the scientific tools we have today, there was nothing wrong with their brains.”“Every time I read something in The New York Times that Leonardo da Vinci had to hide the fact that he was doing dissection, and every time I listen to a tour guide in Italy tell these stories, it just kills me. I don’t know how to get rid of this myth.”last_img read more

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Algae closes beach at Dorchester Park… again

first_imgThis is the second time this year the beach at Dorchester Park was forced to close due to algae. The park was closed on July 21 but reopened on Aug. 5 once it was determined safe to be in the water. WHITNEY POINT (WBNG) — The Broome County Department of Parks, Recreation and Youth Services has closed Dorchester Park due to an algae bloom. The beaches at Nathaniel Cole and Greenwood Park remain open.center_img Officials say the public will be notified once its safe to swim at the park again.last_img read more

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The eighth edition of the Fiumare festival, which revives the city’s XNUMX-year-old heritage, has begun in Rijeka

first_imgThe festival started on Tuesday, May 28, on Korzo, when the traditional boats restored through the European project “Small boat 2” were presented, and a ceremonial parade of festival participants was held. Mohović especially invited citizens to participate in the programs on Friday and Saturday, when a full-day program for children and youth is held at the Karolina Riječka Pier, as well as lectures, education, music events and exhibitions. At the time of the event, Rijeka goes back a hundred years to the past when the area along the Dead Channel was a place of daily intensive trade. Connecting the maritime and trade tradition of the past with today’s everyday life, “Fiumare” becomes a kind of time machine in the authentic locations of the Delta – the Dead Channel and Verdi Street – the junction with the market and the port. Source / photo: Fiumare, City of Rijeka; Traditional wooden sailing boats anchored in the Dead Channel, traders and craftsmen in traditional costumes from all over Kvarner, interactive workshops of maritime and fishing skills, ship modeling workshops and promotion of old customs, photography and paintings, traditional songs and dances, gastronomic offer of indigenous dishes and wines , organized tours of theaters and historical locations of the city center, regattas of traditional sailing boats – all this is a collage of revived images of the Dead Channel through the centuries. The unique festival of sea and maritime traditions valorizes the maritime, fishing and shipbuilding heritage of Kvarner, and for the duration of the event Rijeka exudes a coastal spirit and offers visitors interesting events at every step, connecting maritime and trade traditions of the past with everyday life. Mayor Obersnel pointed out that the main value of the festival is its reminder of the maritime tradition and true roots of this area that made Rijeka an open, cosmopolitan city where many new people, ships and ideas come, the city as it is today. Thanks to tireless enthusiasts – lovers of the sea and maritime tradition, Rijeka offers its citizens and visitors an interesting event in retro style – “Fiumare” – Kvarner Festival of the Sea and Maritime Tradition. Rijeka is “going back 100 years in the past” at the time of the event, when the area along the Dead Channel was a place of daily intensive trade. Facebook event as well festival program, you can find HERE. The festival brings together 30 program partners and 10 guest associations, and will be held at 25 locations with hundreds of different events, exhibitions, lectures on the subject of the sea and maritime heritage.last_img read more

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Bechtel seals west London’s biggest office letting

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Bayside home with sea views and breezes to go under the hammer

first_imgThe home at 4a Fourth Ave, Scarborough is on the market forA THREE-storey home with ocean views, a meditation hut and an enclosed pool pavilion is on the market in Scarborough. The present owner, who asked not to be named, bought 4a Fourth Ave in 2011 after falling in love with the contemporary design and the location.“Nearly every window has a view and the home is in such a quiet little pocket so close to the seaside,” she said. “It’s always a different view whether it’s fishing boats, yachts or kite surfers. You can sit and watch the skydivers land at Jameson Park. Each bedroom has balcony access.The indoor pool pavilion opens at one end to the bottom deck and the private garden with Bali hut that could be used as a yoga studio, meditation space or an amazing cubby house. Three of the bedrooms are on the second level and each has access to a balcony, while a living area opens to the second entertainer’s deck. The top level is home to the master bedroom with walk-in robe, private balcony and ensuite, and the open-plan living, dining and kitchen space, which opens to yet another deck. The enclosed pool pavilion opens to a deck.“It’s just beautiful.More from newsLand grab sees 12 Sandstone Lakes homesites sell in a week21 Jun 2020Tropical haven walking distance from the surf9 Oct 2019“The yard is very low maintenance and the bedrooms are all have a balcony and views.”The home has big entertainment decks off each level, high ceilings, timber floors and plenty of natural light. On the ground floor there is a double carport, entry with a water feature, lift, study and a powder room.center_img The Bali hut could be used for meditation.The property has been a much loved family home and the owner hopes to see it go to someone who will appreciates it as much as she does. “It’s like a rare gem and someone will just fall in love with it,” she said. The property at 4a Fourth Ave is being marketed by Stephanie Williams from Raine and Horne Redcliffe. The home will be auctioned on Saturday, April 8 at 11am.last_img read more

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Parents happy to come to the rescue as it takes a lot longer to save a deposit than many first time buyers realise

first_imgHannah Rayment bought her West End property with the help of a loan guarantee from her parents.IT TAKES many first home buyers twice as long to save a deposit as they think it will but many don’t realise their parents are more than willing to help them buy.New research from St George bank found 67 per cent of Queensland mums and dads believed they should help their children secure a home.Despite their willingness to be involved, general manager for retail banking at St George Bank, Ross Miller, said the study also showed most don’t understand how to be a loan guarantor.“It would suggest half of those people that responded don’t know what a guarantor is,” he said.Guarantors put up additional equity for the loan, often through a family home, so their children will meet lending guidelines sooner.Mr Miller said while there are risks, guarantor arrangements must meet strict lending requirements.“No single guarantee is to represent more than 50 per cent of a guarantor’s security, as an example. So we would say it’s an opportunity to access equity in a parent’s home, but it’s done in a very thoughtful way that would be consistent with our high quality lending practices.”The survey also showed generations need to communicate better, with 33 per cent of the state’s first home buyers willing to accept a guarantor offer from their parents, but only 16 per cent willing to ask for it themselves.“Research suggests prospective buyers feel a strong sense of pride and independence when it comes to purchasing, which could explain a reluctance to seek help,” Mr Miller said.More from newsMould, age, not enough to stop 17 bidders fighting for this home3 hours agoBuyers ‘crazy’ not to take govt freebies, says 28-yr-old investor3 hours agoHannah Rayment is a 28-year-old property owner whose parents guaranteed the loan on her West End apartment.“My mom was very encouraging of me getting into the housing market.“Because of that she was much more willing to give me that extra support and go guarantor on my loan and get my foot in the door.“I thought, ‘Well, to have my parents behind me — then I won’t have to look elsewhere for the loan.’”She said it was her parent’s own investment regrets that spurred them on to help.“My parents often think back and wish that they had invested a bit more or held onto properties that they had, but you can never predict the future.Ms Rayment said they were keen to assist in securing her financial future.“I wasn’t in a position to get the full amount loaned by the bank so having them go guarantor on a chunk of what would be the cost of my house was helpful for me, otherwise I wouldn’t have been able to afford the property at all.”“My parents said, ‘Now’s the time. We think you should do this and we’re happy top help and go guarantor for you.’”last_img read more

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Stress Engineering Riser and Wellhead Monitoring for Noble Tom Madden Drillship

first_imgStress Engineering Services (SES) has delivered a real-time drilling riser and wellhead monitoring system (RFMS), in conjunction with its condition based maintenance (CBM) process for Noble Corporation’s ultra-deepwater drillship Noble Tom Madden.The RFMS provides dynamic subsea measurements with a high degree of reliability for the drilling riser and wellhead systems. By precisely recording the motion of the drilling riser, wellhead and casing system at discrete points in a time synchronous manner, fatigue damage of these components are determined and actionable information on the health of the drilling riser, wellhead and casing system can be delivered to the rig crew.SES’s CBM process supports structural integrity evaluation and maintenance assessments of drilling risers to assess the condition of drilling riser joints, determine when important components will need service or replacement and assess the remaining life of the component. This process is function-based on a tailored period, rather than time-based, improving performance economics for operators throughout the industry. For this project, a life cycle CBM system will be deployed and performed on the MODU.Chuck Miller, vice president, Stress Engineering Services, said, “Our ABS-qualified CBM process will remove uncertainties surrounding damage of the riser joints. We are proud that our CBM process and RFMS technology arms drilling engineers with innovative automation, digitalization and data analysis techniques and empowers them to make more informed decisions.”Orlan Lyle, Director-Worldwide Subsea & Maintenance, Noble Drilling Services said, “Using SES’s CBM process together with their RFMS technology will allow us to make data driven decisions concerning the condition of our assets. The associated insight helps us focus on safety, identify measurable risks, manage our economics with actionable data and ultimately provides us with better information on the health of our assets.”last_img read more

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Five more Alzheimer’s genes discovered, scientists say

first_img Share Sharing is caring! 28 Views   no discussions Share HealthLifestyle Five more Alzheimer’s genes discovered, scientists say by: – April 4, 2011center_img Share Tweet Five more genes which increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease have been identified, scientists say.It takes the number of identified genes linked to Alzheimer’s to 10 – the new genes affect three bodily processes and could become targets for treatment.If the effects of all 10 could be eliminated the risk of developing the disease would be cut by 60%, research published in Nature Genetics says.However, the international team warns new treatments could be 15 years away.‘Clueless’The disease is thought to be up to 80% genetic. The first gene linked to the disease, APOE, was discovered more than 17 years ago but no new genes were discovered until 2009.As Professor Kevin Morgan, from the University of Nottingham, put it: “We were basically clueless.”The newly discovered genes affect three processes in the body: the way it deals with fat and cholesterol; the mechanism by which brain cells process big molecules (endocytosis); and the immune system.Cardiff University’s Professor Julie Williams, who led the international study, said: “What I find exciting is that we have found specific gene processes, we now have precise targets to identify treatments.”She said that if the effect of these genes could be eliminated then the number of cases could be reduced by 60%.“There are 500,000 people with Alzheimer’s [in the UK] so if you could prevent 60% that would be 300,000 people,” she said.Ageing populationProf Morgan said: “This disease is devastating, people are desperate for any hope or advance. I’ve no doubt it will come, but the time frame is 10 to 15 years.”The disease is a growing problem because of an ageing population. The Alzheimer’s Society predicts the number of people with dementia will reach one million by 2021.Health economists already believe the cost to the UK of dementia is £23bn every year.Rebecca Wood, chief executive of Alzheimer’s Research UK, which part-funded the study, said: “These findings are a step towards defeating dementia.“We are yet to find ways of halting this devastating condition, but this work is likely to spark off new ideas, collaborations and more research.Dr Susanne Sorensen, head of research at the Alzheimer’s Society, said: “These two robust studies mark an exciting development for scientists hoping to identify a cause and find a cure for Alzheimer’s disease.“Although these studies will not bring us any closer to being able to predict who might be at greater risk of developing Alzheimer’s, they will give scientists clues as to how Alzheimer’s might develop, most importantly their identification could also lead to the development of new drug treatments in the longer term.”By James Gallagher Health reporter, BBC Newslast_img read more

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‘Pusher’ falls in buy-bust

first_imgWhen frisked, Alquiza yielded 12 more sachets of suspected illegal drugs. The 21-year-old Johnny Alquiza was caught in a drug buy-bust operation in Barangay Taculing, police said. Charges for violation of Republic Act 9165, or the Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 will be filed against him./PN BACOLOD City – He allegedly sold illegal drugs.center_img The suspect was detained in the lockup cell of Police Station 6. Alquiza – resident of the village – was nabbed after he sold a sachet of suspected shabu to an undercover cop for P300 around 5 p.m. on July 19, the police added.last_img read more

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Hire ex-internationals as scouts, Akwuegbu tells NFF

first_img Speaking to brila.net, the former Nigerian international said the only way to bring sanity and transparency in Rohr’s job is to allow fresh hands to come in and assist in the development of football in the country. “The NFF needs the ex-players on the board because some of these ex-players can also scout for good players in the league for the team because they have played in so many leagues and if they see a good player they can easily identify.Advertisement Loading… Former Super Eagles player Benedict Akwuegbu has asked the Nigeria Football Federation to bring in new sets of ex-internationals to help the gaffer scout for the best local league players. “You can’t be recycling the same people all the time, it’s high time we bring in new players into the board to assist when new ex-players come in, they will come with new things.” read also:Current Super Eagles squad excites NFF board Lastly, he said Nigerian football is our own and we have to guide it with all our life and we have to do all we have to do to be successful my take. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Promoted ContentThe Best Cars Of All TimeIs Cristiano Ronaldo Converting His Hotels To Hospitals?8 Weird Facts About Coffee That Will Surprise YouTop 10 Most Romantic Nations In The WorldSuperhero Castings That People Hated But Were AmazingThe 10 Best Secondary Education Systems In The WorldWho Is The Most Powerful Woman On Earth?6 Incredibly Strange Facts About HurricanesA Hurricane Can Be As Powerful As 10 Atomic BombsDid You Know There’s A Black Hole In The Milky Way?7 Ways To Understand Your Girlfriend BetterCan Playing Too Many Video Games Hurt Your Body?last_img read more

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