Spin signs with Gamesys’ Virgin Casino and Tropicana sites

first_img Spin signs with Gamesys’ Virgin Casino and Tropicana sites AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Topics: Tech & innovation 7th January 2020 | By contenteditor Regions: UK & Ireland US Tech & innovation Gaming content provider Spin Games has agreed a deal with Gamesys Group to supply a selection of online games and technologies to the Virgin Casino and Tropicana Atlantic City online casino websites.Under the agreement, Spin will provide play-for-money and play-for-fun content via its ROC Remote Gaming Server platform including various slots such as Crazy Money 2, Ripley’s Believe It or Not and Raiden.The deal will also include NBA Last 60, a virtual sports betting product from Highlight Games that uses historical NBA basketball game footage.UK-based Gamesys manages Tropicana Atlantic City’s online gaming services and products within the state of New Jersey in the US on behalf of Tropicana Atlantic City. Gamesys also operates the Virgin Casino brand in the UK market.Read the full story on iGB North America. Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Tags: Online Gambling Gaming content provider Spin Games has agreed a deal with Gamesys Group to supply a selection of online games and technologies to the Virgin Casino and Tropicana Atlantic City online casino websites. Email Addresslast_img read more

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ISL 2020 LIVE Streaming Online: How to watch ISL 2020 Matches…

first_img ISL: Sunil Chhetri extends Bengaluru FC stay until 2023 ISL 2020 LIVE Streaming Online: How to watch ISL 2020 Matches Live Streaming for free in India Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Samoa, Cook Islands, Vanuatu, American Samoa, Kiribati, Tuvalu, Niue, Tokelau, Tahiti, New Caledonia, Tonga, Nauru- Digicel PNG (TVWAN Action) Australia- Fox Sports Football 6FC Goa8332109111 Euro 2020, Switzerland vs Turkey: Top 5 players to watch out for in SUI vs TUR ClubPWLDGFGAGDPts Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, Brunei, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar, Hong Kong, Macau-1Play SportsFacebook:https://www.facebook.com/1playsportsindiaYouTube:https://www.youtube.com/c/1PlaySports/videos Maldives-Jalsha Movies HD Football Euro 2020, North Macedonia vs Netherlands: Top 5 players to watch out for in MKD vs NED Bengaluru 11Odisha FC7052511-62 8Hyderabad FC722368-29 by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeIPL 2020: Bad news for Sunrisers Hyderabad’s Jonny BairstowUndoIPL 2020 : Srikanth and fans slams MS Dhoni, says ‘wasted 15 Cr on Jadhav & Chawla’UndoSuresh Raina issues statement after arrest, says the incident in Mumbai was ‘unintentional’UndoThe Star Sports Network is the official broadcasting partner of the Hero Indian Super League 2020/21 season. Star Sports 1, Star Sports 1 HD, Star Sports 2, Star Sports 2 HD, Star Sports First, Star Sports 1 Hindi, Star Sports 1 Hindi HD, Star Sports 1 Tamil, Star Sports 1 Kannada, Star Sports 1 Telugu, Star Sports 1 Marathi, and Star Sports 1 Bangla will broadcast all the games of the season.Fans who want want to watch ISL live streaming matches need to subscribe to Hotstar or must have the Jio TV app. The app is available on Android, iOS, iPad, Android TV and Apple TV.Disney + Hotstar for ISL 2020/21Disney+ Hotstar subscription is available with annual or monthly packages with two subscription options – Disney+ Hotstar VIP pack and Premium pack.The Hotstar VIP pack costs Rs 399 per year which includes Multiplex blockbusters, Disney+ Hindi series, Indian TV shows, Hotstar Specials and live cricket streaming, Premier League football matches and Formula 1.Disney+ Hotstar Premium subscription includes all the benefits of Hotstar VIP offers, plus American TV shows and movies.Jio users can catch the ISL 2020-21 live streaming online on Jio TV app.Indian Super League Broadcasting Rights 2020/21Broadcast TV Channels: Serbia, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Slovenia, North Macedonia, KosovoSportKlubRangers Football Club’s official Facebook page will live stream the below matches: Fri 27 Nov (2 PM UK Time) ATK Mohun Bagan vs SC East BengalSat 28 Nov (2 PM UK Time) Bengaluru FC vs Hyderabad FCSun, 13 Dec (2 PM UK Time) Bengaluru FC vs Kerala Blasters FCMon, 21 Dec (2 PM UK Time) Bengaluru FC vs ATK Mohun BaganSat, 09 Jan (2 PM UK Time) Bengaluru FC vs SC East BengalTue 05 Jan (2 PM UK Time) Bengaluru FC vs Mumbai City FC ISL 2020-21 Points Table Facebook Twitter 1Mumbai City7511113816 Football Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Football USA & Canada- ESPN+ Euro 2020, Italy vs Wales: 3 key battles to watch out for in ITA vs WAL Euro 2020, Italy vs Wales LIVE: Gareth Bale and Co face do-or-die clash; Italy eye third consecutive win; Follow Live Updates, 4Bengaluru FC8323119212 RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR 10SC East Bengal7043513-83center_img Euro 2020: Didier Deschamps offers Ousmane Dembele update ahead of Portugal match UK-Hotstar UK*Rangers Football Club’s Facebook page:https://www.facebook.com/rangersfc 9Kerala Blasters FC7133811-36 FootballIndian Super League (ISL) Football Euro 2020: ‘I’ve full confidence on Benzema,’ says France coach Didier Deschamps after Hungary draw 3Jamshedpur FC9324109113 Previous articleISL 2020 LIVE updates: Indian Super League Live Broadcaster, Live Streaming, Point Table, Full Schedule, News, Stats, Teams all you need needNext articleCFC Vs OFC Fantasy Team Chennaiyin Vs Odisha Indian Super League 2020-21 Dream11 Team Picks, Probable Playing 11 And Match Report Kunal DhyaniSports Tech enthusiast, he reports on Sports Tech industry and writes on sports products. TAGSHow to watch ISL 2020ISL 2020 LIVEISL 2020 LIVE Streaming OnlineISL 2020 Matches Live StreamingWatch ISL for Free SHARE Football Euro 2020, Switzerland vs Turkey LIVE: Switzerland to punish hapless Turkey; Follow Live Updates Middle East-Asianet Plus, Jalsha Movies SD Euro 2020 LIVE broadcast in more than 200 countries, check how you can watch Live Streaming of EURO 2020 in your country Football ISL SponsorsISL has five brands on board as a commercial partner. Title sponsors Hero and associate partner Maruti Suzuki have existing multiple years deals, whereas, Apollo Tyres, Dream 11 and bottled drinking water brand Bisleri have signed in the official partner’s category. Nivia is the official ball of the tournament. Football Bangladesh-Jalsha Movies SD, Jalsha Movies HD Football Freight & Shipping Quotes | Search AdsResearch & Compare Freight & Shipping QuotesEnjoy Affordable Freight & Shipping Services With These Service ProvidersFreight & Shipping Quotes | Search Ads|SponsoredSponsoredUndoPast Factory4 Sisters Take The Same Picture For 40 Years. Don’t Cry When You See The Last One!Past Factory|SponsoredSponsoredUndoHero WarsBig Boss of internet games!Can’t find fun online games that are actually fun? Your search is over. Click to start!Hero Wars|SponsoredSponsoredUndoMaternity WeekA Letter From The Devil Written By A Possessed Nun In 1676 Has Been TranslatedMaternity Week|SponsoredSponsoredUndoYourBump15 Actors That Hollywood Banned For LifeYourBump|SponsoredSponsoredUndoPost FunThese Twins Were Named “Most Beautiful In The World,” Wait Until You See Them TodayPost Fun|SponsoredSponsoredUndo 5NorthEast United FC8215108211 Indonesia-Genflix ISL 2020 LIVE Streaming Online: How to watch ISL 2020 Matches Live Streaming for free in India, All 11 ISL teams in the tournament will battle it out for India’s most prestigious football title behind closed doors in Goa. The matches will be broadcast at 7:30 PM IST while on the day of double-headers, the first game start at 5 PM and the second match at 7:30 PM.ISL 2020 LIVE Streaming, TV Channels 7Chennaiyin FC 72237709 2ATK Mohun Bagan751183516 By Kunal Dhyani – January 13, 2021 Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland and Faroe Islands, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino and Vatican City, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan- Yupp TV Euro 2020: Belgium suffer another blow, after Castagne now Thorgan Hazard ruled outlast_img read more

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FTN Cocoa Processing Limited (FTNCOC.ng) HY2018 Interim Report

first_imgFTN Cocoa Processing Limited (FTNCOC.ng) listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Food sector has released it’s 2018 interim results for the half year.For more information about FTN Cocoa Processing Limited (FTNCOC.ng) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the FTN Cocoa Processing Limited (FTNCOC.ng) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: FTN Cocoa Processing Limited (FTNCOC.ng)  2018 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileFTN Cocoa processors Plc was formerly registered as Fantastic Traders Nigeria Limited, a Limited Liability Company Which was incorporated in 1991. The company commenced cocoa processing business with third party arrangement (Toll Processing) with Stanmark cocoa processing company limited in 1995 for conversion of cocoa beans into cocoa butter and cocoa cake/powder. The company later extended its third party processing activities to Ile-Oluji, Cocoa Cooperative, Cocoa Akure and Cocoa products , Ede Osun State. Within a period of 13 years it had established strong relations with overseas cocoa product buyers all over the world. We went ahead to solidify our relationship with many local users such as Nestle Nigeria Plc and Promasidor Nigeria Limited; makers of Cowbell Milk and Cocoa products. FTN Cocoa Processing Limited is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchangelast_img read more

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Sunu Assurances Nigeria Plc (SUNU.ng) 2019 Annual Report

first_imgSunu Assurances Nigeria Plc (SUNU.ng) listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Insurance sector has released it’s 2019 annual report.For more information about Sunu Assurances Nigeria Plc (SUNU.ng) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Sunu Assurances Nigeria Plc (SUNU.ng) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Sunu Assurances Nigeria Plc (SUNU.ng)  2019 annual report.Company ProfileSunu Assurances Nigeria Plc formerly (Equity Assurance Plc) is an established insurance company in Nigeria offering non-life insurance for the domestic and corporate sectors as well as asset management and health management services. The company also has business interests in Ghana. Non-life insurance ranges from fire and special peril to consequential loss, cash and goods in transit, public and products liability, fidelity guaranty, personal liability and accident insurance products. Equity Assurance Plc also provides insurance products for workmen compensation and plant, erection and contractors all risk and welfare funds and medical evacuation. The company has subsidiary segments providing health management, asset management and hospitality services. Equity Assurance Plc is a subsidiary of SUNU Finances Holding SA. Its head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. Sunu Assurances Nigeria Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchangelast_img read more

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Damart pink vest raises £20,000 for Breast Cancer Campaign

first_imgDespite improving survival rates, 41,000 women in the UK are diagnosed with breast cancer every year. Howard Lake | 3 April 2006 | News Tagged with: corporate Promotional About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.  39 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThiscenter_img Yorkshire-based Damart has raised £20,000 for Breast Cancer Campaign (BCC) with sales of a limited edition Pink Vest designed especially to help raise awareness of the charity.The thermal vest was designed by Damart’s in-house team and incorporated the international pink ribbon symbol for breast awareness. The company hope to repeat the success with a brand new design for 2006’s campaign.Damart has supported Breast Cancer Campaign for three years, their links strengthened by the majority of Damart’s customer base being women. Advertisement AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Damart pink vest raises £20,000 for Breast Cancer Campaignlast_img read more

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Vizag Gas Leak Incident: A Case For Absolute Liability?

first_imgColumnsVizag Gas Leak Incident: A Case For Absolute Liability? Sujith Koonan & Harshita Singhal14 May 2020 12:53 AMShare This – xWith 12 people dead in a major accident after the leakage of Styrene, a hazardous and toxic chemical[i], the question of civil liability of the chemical factory – LG Polymers India Pvt. Ltd, an enterprise engaged in hazardous or an inherently dangerous industry, once again comes to the forefront. While this question may find a final clarity through the “In Re: Gas Leak at LG…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginWith 12 people dead in a major accident after the leakage of Styrene, a hazardous and toxic chemical[i], the question of civil liability of the chemical factory – LG Polymers India Pvt. Ltd, an enterprise engaged in hazardous or an inherently dangerous industry, once again comes to the forefront. While this question may find a final clarity through the “In Re: Gas Leak at LG Polymers Chemical Plant in RR Venkatapuram Village Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh” taken up suo moto by the National Green Tribunal [‘NGT’], this paper looks at certain key principles of liability that may govern the instances of ‘major accidents’ like this. The NGT’s Order dated 8 May 2020, in this case, states that the ‘leakage of hazardous gas at such a scale adversely affecting public health and environment, clearly attracts the principle of ‘strict liability’ against the enterprise engaged in a hazardous or inherently dangerous industry’. However, it is yet to ascertain the extent of damage and the failure of LG Polymers Pvt Ltd, if any. Based on the prima facie material the NGT has directed the enterprise to deposit an initial amount of Rs. 50 crores with the District Magistrate, Vishakhapatnam. The NGT determined this amount by considering ‘the financial worth of the company and the extent of the damage caused’. The principle of strict liability, as invoked in this case, evolved in 1866 in Rylands v. Fletcher [1868] UKHL 1. It lays down that if a person brings on to his land and keeps there anything likely to cause harm, he is liable to compensate for the damage if such a thing escapes and does damage to another. The liability under this rule is strict and not having willful knowledge or no default or neglect is by no means a defence. However, there are few exceptions available against the principle of strict liability such as the escape being an act of God, default on part of the person injured, and consent of the person injured. The limitation of the principle of strict liability in the contemporary industrialised world has been categorically highlighted by the Supreme Court more than once. In 1987, in the case more famously known as the Oleum Gas Leak case[ii], the Supreme Court evolved the principle of ‘absolute liability’. It was held that “an enterprise which is engaged in a hazardous or inherently dangerous industry which poses a potential threat to the health and safety of the persons working in the factory and residing in the surrounding areas owes an absolute and non-delegable duty to the community to ensure that no harm results to anyone on account of hazardous or inherently dangerous nature of the activity which it has undertaken” (emphasis added). The Supreme Court expressly referred to the rule of ‘strict liability’ as laid down in Rylands v. Fletcher but refuses to apply it stating that it is not suited to the emerging conditions in India. According to the Supreme Court, in the act of an enterprise engaging in a hazardous or inherently dangerous activity for its profit, the law must presume that the permission given to the enterprise is conditional on the enterprise absorbing the cost of any accident arising on account of such activity. In other words, the exceptions or defences available to a hazardous or inherently dangerous industry in cases of accidents was held unacceptable. This is the context in which the Oleum gas leak decision becomes relevant in the context of the Vizag gas leak incident. The principle of absolute liability as propounded in the Oleum Gas Leak case, as remarked to be a binding precedent, was later upheld in the Bichhri case[iii] for being by far the most appropriate law. It is pertinent to note that the principle of absolute liability is not subject to any exceptions which operate vis-à-vis the principle of strict liability. One needs to look at this unique articulation of the Supreme Court as a result of the realisation that modern industries pose serious risk to people and environment at a wider and deeper scale, and therefore such a situation demands exceptional legal principle. The Vizag incident is probably going to be a test case to see if the principle of absolute liability continues to be part of the legal system in India as held by the Supreme Court more than once in the 1980s and 1990s. The shadow of doubt regarding the applicability of the principle of absolute liability emerges from the NGT Act, 2010. Section 17 of the NGT Act, which deals with the liability to pay relief or compensation in certain cases, states that “The Tribunal shall, in case of an accident, apply the principle of no-fault”. The NGT has, in its prima facie opinion, made it clear that the ‘principle of no-fault’ as mentioned in Section 17 refers to the principle of strict liability. This scenario raises certain key interpretative puzzles. One way to look at it is to take the principle of no-fault as prescribed in the NGT Act as referring to strict liability. An alternate way is to understand it as encompassing both strict and absolute liability. The latter reading is also plausible for two reasons. First, the legislator has not used the term ‘strict liability’. Second, a reasonable assumption can be made that the legislator was aware of the principle of absolute liability as developed through the Oleum gas leak and Bichhri judgments by the Supreme Court and the provision was probably kept like that to accommodate the principle of absolute liability at least in cases of accidents due to ‘hazardous or inherently dangerous industry’. If the latter reading as suggested above is acceptable, the concerned industry is not allowed to rely on any defences whatsoever and the only question is whether the industry is a ‘hazardous or inherently dangerous’ industry. An affirmative answer to this question is more probable than not. According to the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 any industry handling or dealing with hazardous substance may be put under the category of hazardous industries. Section 2(c) of the EPA, defines hazardous substance as “any substance or preparation which, by reason of its chemical or physio-chemical properties or handling is liable to cause harm to human beings, other living creatures, plants micro-organisms, property or environment.” In a preliminary report by the Centre for Science and Environment, a Delhi based think-tank, ‘the leaked gas- Styrene is likely a carcinogenic substance and can react with oxygen in the air to mutate into styrene dioxide which is more lethal’. The said report further highlights a number of serious health implications due to exposure to Styrene such as gastrointestinal effects, impacts on the central nervous system (CNS), hearing loss, and peripheral neuropathy. Further, the report warns that ‘if the amount of styrene goes beyond 800 ppm (parts per million), then the person exposed to it can go into a coma’. Animal studies show they are more sensitive to styrene exposure and suffer greater effects. In addition to that, the NGT, in its order dated 8 May 2020, has already recognised this substance ‘a toxic and hazardous chemical’ and termed the industry a ‘hazardous or inherently dangerous industry’. Regardless of the final decision of the NGT in this test case, the larger concern is the issue of the safety of people including workers and the environment. At the outset, the Vizag gas leak incident necessitates progressive regulatory tools. While prior assessment of social and environmental impacts of industrial activities is a useful tool, the Vizag incident exposes the need for continuous assessment or monitoring. The idea of continuous Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) as advocated by Judge C.G. Weeramantry of the International Court of Justice in Gabcikovo-Nagymaros Project case demands serious and urgent attention in this regard. According to Judge Weeramantry, EIA is a dynamic principle and with the magnitude of projects in operation, prudence would point to the need for continuous monitoring. The Vizag gas leak incident further raises questions on the degree of compliance with various rules in this regard. For instance, Rule 13 of the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989 requires the concerned industries to keep “up-to-date an on-site emergency plan”. It requires “that every person on the site who is affected by the plan is informed of its relevant provisions.” It is also the duty of the occupier to ensure “that a mock drill of the on-site emergency plan is conducted every six months.” Rule 14 read with Schedule 5 thereof requires the District Collector or District Emergency Authority designated by the State Government to prepare an off-site emergency plan. Was there an up-to-date emergency on-site plan to tackle such an accident? Had the residents in the nearby area been informed of the potential risks associated with the industry? Were any mock drills conducted? The public in general and the people who are ‘communities at risk’ have the right to be informed in this regard. The industry and the authorities concerned owe an explanation and this is very important before a more disturbing picture emerges with the opening of another similar red category (high polluting) industry as the lockdown restrictions are eased in India. Views Are Personal Only.(Sujith Koonan, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Delhi , Harshita Singhal, Final Year Student of LLB, Faculty of Law, University of Delhi) [i] Rule 2(e) read with Entry 583 of Schedule I to the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989. [ii] M.C. Mehta v. Union of India, AIR 1987 SC 1086. [iii] Indian Council for Enviro-Legal Action v. Union of India, AIR 1996 SC 1446. Next Storylast_img read more

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A matter of substance

first_imgWhetherit’s cabernet sauvignon, cannabis or cocaine, employers generally agree thatover-indulgence can affect an employee’s attendance, concentration and abilityto do the job safely. And with alcohol-related absence now thought to cost UKbusiness £2.3bn per year, many employers are facing up to confronting substanceabuse head on. By Ana Baillie Introducing a testing policyMr Plunkett is HR director of Common Sense Kall Centre. Most of theemployees are young and enjoy partying. Friday evenings in the company bar canbe rather exuberant affairs and the company generally encourages this healthysocial interaction between staff. However, Mr Plunkett has been told that someemployees are using ecstasy, and consumption may be taking place on thepremises. To date, the company has asked job applicants to take a drug andalcohol test as part of its standard application process. Mr Plunkett now wantsto extend testing to existing employees. How can he do this? Ana Baillie comments: In common with many employers, Common SenseKall Centre restricts its drug and alcohol screening to job applicants only.This is largely because there is no ongoing employment relationship which couldbe soured by asking someone to take the test. If the job applicant declines,the employer can draw its own conclusions. Until recently, testing job applicants was reasonably straightforward.Provided the screening procedure was implemented in a non-discriminatorymanner, employers could lawfully ask them to take a test. But since thepublication of the Data Protection Code of Practice on recruitment andselection in March 2002, the situation has become more complicated. One of the code’s specific recommendations is that vetting procedures shouldonly be carried out at the appropriate point in the recruitment process. Itsuggests this should be restricted to the one individual who is successfullyselected. Common Sense Kall Centre should amend its procedures accordingly. Testing current employees for drink and drugs is an intrusion of privacy.When the employee gives a sample, an observer often has to be present to ensurethere is no tampering. The laboratory process itself could also be intrusivesince the analysis, if conducted too widely, may show up not only bannedsubstances, but also whether an employee is pregnant, or has any geneticpre-disposition to disease. Article 8 of the European Convention of Human Rights, incorporated into UKlegislation by the Human Rights Act 1998, states individuals have a right torespect for their private and family life, home and correspondence. The HRA will have an indirect effect on private companies undertakingprivate business. Unlike the employees of public bodies, private companies’employees will not have the right to use the provisions of the HRA to bringclaims against private employers. However, they will be able to argue thattheir fundamental human rights have been undermined when fighting unfair orwrongful dismissal claims. At first glance, this right would seem to present employers with an obstacleto introducing a general drug and alcohol testing regime. However, the Article8 right is not absolute. Qualifications exist which enable employers to screen existing employees fordrink and drugs, provided they can establish the necessary justification, andshow that the invasion of privacy is lawful and proportionate. However, CommonSense Kall Centre may be able to justify testing as part of its health andsafety obligations. Under the Health and Safety Work Act 1974, employers have aduty to their employees to provide a safe working environment, and to ensurethat fellow employees are competent. Statistics have shown that the abuse of drink and drugs by employees createssignificant dangers in the workplace – more than 50 per cent of all fatalworkplace accidents are alcohol related.Under the 1974 Act, employers have aduty to prevent these dangers and failure to do so can give rise to civil andcriminal liability. Mr Plunkett could therefore point to the company’s healthand safety obligations as his justification for introducing testing. Mr Plunkett should explain to employees that the testing policy is requiredto promote the safety of the workforce in general. On these grounds, it islikely that the testing would be found to be a proportionate interference withthe individual employee’s Article 8 right to privacy. It is vital that Mr Plunkett remembers that nobody can be tested againsttheir will, and consent must always be sought. He should also bear in mind thattesting alone will not resolve workplace drug and alcohol problems, and shouldnot be a substitute for a comprehensive policy. What does the test showGeorge and Howard work for Audacious Accounting, a major firm ofauditors. George’s performance and attendance have deteriorated over the past year,and clients have started to complain about him – rumours abound that he has adrinking problem. Howard, on the other hand, is an exemplary employee, andclients love him. Audacious has a drug and alcohol policy which includestesting employees, and both George and Howard have signed employment contractsconsenting to tests. The HR team arranges a routine drug and alcohol test of all staff. Howardfails the drug test because traces of cannabis are found in his urine. Onquestioning, he tells his boss that while on holiday in Amsterdam three weeksearlier, he smoked a few joints with friends. George scrapes through the test –his alcohol level was just under the statutory drink-driving limit Audacioushas set as ‘acceptable’. However, after passing the test, he confesses he isaddicted to alcohol. What should HR do? AB comments: The period of time during which a substance can bedetected by sample analysis varies depending on the particular test used, thesubstance, the amount taken, and whether the person is a regular or occasionaluser. Alcohol levels in the blood fall rapidly after consumption, within just afew hours. Cannabis remains detectable for many weeks, but traces of cocainevanish within a matter of days. The testing procedure therefore may not reflectAudacious Accounting’s priorities. Although George was clearly under the influence of alcohol at the time ofthe test, he passed because the firm does not operate a zero tolerance approachto alcohol consumption. Howard, however, was clearly fit and able to work on the day of the test,but was caught out by consumption that took place weeks earlier. Where does consumption take place? Audacious should think about where and when substances have been consumed.If it takes issue with Howard’s use of illegal drugs outside the workplace andoffice hours, although it has no effect on his performance during workinghours, it may be in breach of the employer’s implied duty of trust andconfidence. Although Howard does not have any directly enforceable HRA rights becauseAudacious is a private company, it is likely that a tribunal would look to theHRA when deciding whether Audacious had acted reasonably in objecting toHoward’s extra-curricular activities. How are the test results used? The medical reports produced in respect of Howard and George by the testinglaboratory will amount to sensitive personal data under the Data Protection Act1998. Their consent is therefore required not only to the invasion of privacyin taking the test itself, but also to the subsequent processing of theirsensitive personal data when the laboratory produces the report and sends itback to their employer. For their consent to be valid, it is vital that the employees are told towhom their results will be sent, and for what purpose the results will be used.Medical or disciplinary action Now that Howard has failed the test, Audacious must decide how to respond.According to its policy, it may view the positive test result as either adisciplinary or a medical issue. Taking the medical route is likely to be farless confrontational, and reduce the possibility of claims against the company.Although the Disability Discrimination Act specifically excludes drug andalcohol addiction from its definition of disability, some of the effects ofalcohol addiction, such as cirrhosis of the liver, may fall within its scope. If George is suffering from any addiction-related disabilities, Audaciouswill need to show it has made reasonable adjustments, such as allowing him theflexibility to work from home. The firm must tread cautiously if it decides toinvoke its disciplinary procedure in relation to his poor performance at thisstage. The disciplinary process can go ahead, but Audacious should be mindfulof its additional obligations under the DDA. Ana Baillie is an associate in Employment, Pensions and Incentives atAllen & Overy Introducing a testing policy what does the test show? – The purpose of the policy should be clearly stated – to achieve a drug andalcohol free, and therefore safer, working environment.– The policy should be clearly drafted and state how any breachwill be dealt with.– The policy should be clearly communicated to all employees instaff handbooks and via the intranet.– The policy should make it clear how any refusal to take atest will be viewed, particularly if it allows the company to dismiss theemployee.– The policy should confirm that the testing process will beconfidential and procedurally fair, and should explain what will be done withthe results, which will amount to sensitive personal data for the purposes ofthe Data Protection Act 1998 – see case study 2.– A term should be included in the employment contract of allnew recruits allowing the employer to test for drink and drugs.– The policy should make it clear what kind of testing isintended, either:For cause: only used following an incident where an employeewas suspected of being impaired through the use of drink or drugsRoutine: involves the entire workforce, who are advised in advancethat the testing will take place; and/or Random: generally only used as a deterrent for employees insafety sensitive jobsCause and routine testing can usually be justified ifsensitively handled. Random testing, however, is much more difficult to justify,and can give rise to discrimination claims. Previous Article Next Article Comments are closed. A matter of substanceOn 1 Sep 2002 in Personnel Today Related posts:No related photos.last_img read more

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Developers see green in turning golf courses into warehouses

first_img Share via Shortlink Message* Tags A photo illustration of the Broadmoor Golf Course in Oregon (Broadmoor, iStock)It’s a hole-in-one for warehouse developers.Builders have been turning golf courses into warehouse locations as the industrial space boom continues, according to Bloomberg Businessweek.In May, for example, Onondaga County in New York announced that Amazon would build a $350 million distribution center over 111 acres of land formerly occupied by the Liverpool Public Golf and Country Club. The facility will exceed 3.8 million square feet.Read moreCanadian industrial building boom loomsUS warehouse boom attracts foreign investorsIndustrial now 36% of Blackstone’s RE portfolio Similarly, the United Parcel Service plans to build a million-square-foot warehouse and distribution center in Philadelphia on what used to be a golf course. And Prologis will construct a 345,000-square-foot industrial building on the Broadmoor Golf Course in Portland, Oregon.“With golf you’re just limited to the income of the ongoing business concern,” Keith Cubba, national director of Colliers’ Golf Course Advisory Services, told Bloomberg Businessweek. “There’s going to be a much higher yield on 200 acres of residential or commercial.”Still, some issues arise with such conversions. Golf courses are often zoned as commercial, recreational or open space. Additionally, locals can object to the idea of a warehouse replacing a serene golf course.[Bloomberg Businessweek] — Sasha JonesContact Sasha Jones Commercial Real EstateDevelopmentIndustrial Real Estate Full Name* Email Address* Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on LinkedinShare via Email Share via Shortlinklast_img read more

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Unusual Southern Hemisphere tree growth patterns induced by changes in the Southern Annular Mode

first_imgRecent changes in the summer climate of the Southern Hemisphere extra-tropics are primarily related to the dominance of the positive phase of the Southern Annular Mode. This shift in the behaviour of the Southern Annular Mode—essentially a measure of the pressure gradient between Southern Hemisphere mid and high latitudes—has been predominantly induced by polar stratospheric ozone depletion. The concomitant southward expansion of the dry subtropical belts could have consequences for forest growth. Here, we use tree-ring records from over 3,000 trees in South America, Tasmania and New Zealand to identify dominant patterns of tree growth in recent centuries. We show that the foremost patterns of growth between 1950 and 2000 differed significantly from those in the previous 250 years. Specifically, growth was higher than the long-term average in the subalpine forests of Tasmania and New Zealand, but lower in the dry-mesic forests of Patagonia. We further demonstrate that variations in the Southern Annular Mode can explain 12–48% of the tree growth anomalies in the latter half of the twentieth century. Tree-ring-based reconstructions of summer Southern Annular Mode indices suggest that the high frequency of the positive phase since the 1950s is unprecedented in the past 600 years. We propose that changes in the Southern Annular Mode have significantly altered tree growth patterns in the Southern Hemisphere.last_img read more

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Scoreboard roundup — 3/7/19

first_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailiStock(NEW YORK) — Here are the scores from Thursday’s sports events:MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALLINTERLEAGUEPhiladelphia 3, Detroit 1NY Yankees 6, Philadelphia 0Pittsburgh 5, Baltimore 4Houston 4, Miami 1Chi White Sox 9, Milwaukee 5San Diego 11, Texas 8Cleveland 4, Arizona 3LA Dodgers 6, LA Angels 2Seattle 11, Cincinnati 3Oakland 5, San Francisco 1AMERICAN LEAGUEMinnesota 12, Boston 1Toronto 11, Tampa Bay 2Kansas City 8, LA Angels 7NATIONAL LEAGUEWashington 6, NY Mets 4Colorado 7, Chi Cubs 5NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATIONMilwaukee 117, Indiana 98OT Oklahoma City 129, Portland 121NATIONAL HOCKEY LEAGUEBoston 4, Florida 3Pittsburgh 3, Columbus 0SO Detroit 3, NY Rangers 2NY Islanders 4, Ottawa 2Minnesota 3, Tampa Bay 0Dallas 4, Colorado 0SO Chicago 5, Buffalo 4Edmonton 3, Vancouver 2Arizona 2, Calgary 0San Jose 5, Montreal 2St. Louis 4, L.A. Kings 0TOP-25 COLLEGE BASKETBALL(12) Houston 90, SMU 79(25) UCF 58, (20) Cincinnati 55(21) Wisconsin 65, Iowa 45Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved. Written by March 8, 2019 /Sports News – National Scoreboard roundup — 3/7/19center_img Beau Lundlast_img read more

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